The demand for batteries is growing rapidly as industries like automobiles and grid energy storage applications embrace this energy solution. One of the most common and popular choices in every industry is a flooded battery. This battery, also known as a wet cell battery, is widely used in home inverters and solar power systems. In this blog, we will explore the power of a flooded battery and how its performance degrades.
What is a Flooded Battery?
A flooded battery, or wet-cell battery, is a lead-acid battery that uses thick plates, large separators, and a liquid solution containing high-density paste material. The electrolyte solution is a liquid solution containing sulfuric acid and water. The plates have an active material coating on them and are composed of lead. The battery’s active material is in charge of storing electrical energy. These types of batteries are generally used in electric vehicles, cars, and trucks. Also, these batteries are commonly used for marine applications.
How Does a Flooded Battery Work?
When an electric current passes through the electrolyte solution and onto the plates during the charging process of a flooded battery. The active material on the plates is changed into a lead sulfate compound as a result of this chemical reaction. The compound that contains lead sulfate stores electrical energy.
During the discharge of a flooded battery, chemical reactions occur, and the lead sulphate compound is converted back into the active material. The stored electrical energy is released again.
Impact of a Flooded Battery on Battery Performance
There are several key factors, such as the electrolyte solution level, battery temperature, and discharge rate, which impact the performance of a flooded battery
- Electrolyte Level: It is important to maintain the electrolyte solution level between the battery’s minimum and maximum markings. The plates won’t be completely submerged, and the battery won’t be able to operate at maximum capacity if the electrolyte level is too low. If the water level is too high, the battery will overflow, and the excess flow of electrolyte solution will damage the surrounding components.
- Temperature: It is crucial to keep the flooded battery in a cool and dry place as it can significantly affect the battery’s performance. Cold temperatures may lower the battery’s capacity and power output, which slows down the chemical reactions occurring within the battery. When kept in a hot place, the electrolyte solution may evaporate, which could harm the battery.
- Rate of Discharge: The rate at which a flooded battery discharges also affects its performance. A premature discharge of the battery can result in a reduction in its capacity because the chemical reactions inside it won’t have enough time to finish.
Guidelines To Prevent a Flooded Battery from Flooding
If you want to prevent the flooding of the water level in a flooded battery, you should follow the instructions given below:
- Check the electrolyte level regularly: Regularly checking the electrolyte level can prevent damage to the battery. Add distilled water to the marking level, if the water is low in electrolyte solution.
- Keep the battery clean: It is important to keep the battery clean and clear of dirt and debris. Dirt and debris may clog the vents of the battery, causing problems in the circulation of the electrolyte solution
- Store the battery in a cool, dry place: Always keep your battery in cool, dry place when it is not in use. This will help prevent the electrolyte solution from being damaged and maintain the battery’s performance.
Flooded batteries are a common type of battery used for various applications. They are affordable, reliable, and versatile. Nevertheless, it’s critical to understand the key factors that can affect the performance of a flooded battery and to take precautions against flooding. By following the guidelines mentioned in this blog, you can run your flooded battery for many years to come.